Bachelor of Education
A Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is an undergraduate academic degree which prepares students for work as a teacher in schools, though in some countries additional work must be done in order for the student to be fully qualified to teach.
In India, Bachelor of Education(B.Ed) is a course offered for those interested in pursuing career in teaching. The B.Ed degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed. course is Bachelor of Arts(B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)or Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com). While students from arts stream are trained to teach subjects like history, civics, geography and languages. The students from science stream are trained to teach mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology.
After BEd, students can pursue Master in Education (M.Ed.) in Indian universities. National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates courses in teaching in India. The Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.) programme is a four-year integrated professional degree programme of Elementary Teacher Education offered after the senior secondary (class XII) stage of school. Conceptualized by the Maulana Azad Centre for Elementary and Social Education (MACESE) of the Department of Education, University of Delhi and launched in the academic year 1994-95, the programme is an attempt towards fulfilling the need for professionally qualified elementary school teachers. B.El.Ed. is designed to integrate the study of subject knowledge, human development, pedagogical knowledge and communication skills. Both professional and academic options are available to students who graduate with a B.El.Ed. degree.
There is a course called Diploma in Education (D.Ed.) or TCH meant for teaching in primary and nursery schools in India. However the qualification for admission to this course is pass in pre university course. The duration of the course is still under debate. Usually it is one-year course.
But an open university like Indira Gandhi National University (IGNOU) offers B. Ed course with a minimum duration of two years. The Right of Free and Compulsory Education for Children (RTE Act-2009) came into force as an act from April 2010. The act emphasis on the quality education for every child. Therefore to improve the quality in education, the quality of teachers must be a crucial factor. With a view to bring quality in education, the entry level percentage to B. Ed has been fixed at 45 percent for Scheduled Cast and Scheduled Tribes 50 percent for general.
In order to enroll, the application form can either be downloaded from the official website or can be collected in person. For download, please click the below link